The 11 reference contexts in paper Tsymbalista (2017) “Законодавче регулювання та сертифікація органічного виробництва в Україні // Legal regulation and certification of organic production in Ukraine” / spz:ztu:ven:96616

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    2220
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    More and more customers are willing to pay higher prices for agricultural and food production of a better quality and higher safety level. These global tendencies are true for Ukrainian domestic market too. According to Organic Federation of Ukraine the organic market capacity raised up to 17 million Euros in 2015
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    [5]
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    , while following the methodology developed by the researchers of the National Scientific Centre «Institute of Agrarian Economics» of UAAS, the potential capacity of the organic market in Ukraine, which can be reached by 2020, was estimated in around 40 billion UAH [4, p. 6].
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    2504
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    to Organic Federation of Ukraine the organic market capacity raised up to 17 million Euros in 2015 [5], while following the methodology developed by the researchers of the National Scientific Centre «Institute of Agrarian Economics» of UAAS, the potential capacity of the organic market in Ukraine, which can be reached by 2020, was estimated in around 40 billion UAH
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    [4, p. 6]
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    . Certification and legal regulation play a very important part in the process of organic food production and marketing development. On the one hand, these factors influence on organic products’ consumers, ensuring that the labeled and certified products have better characteristics of quality and safety than traditional.
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    5259
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    Therefore the first certifying companies who were engaged in this process in Ukraine represented the respective countries, which imported Ukrainian agricultural production (Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Austria, France and others)
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    [3, p. 56]
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    . Nowadays Ukrainian farmers can get their farms certified by one of the 15 foreign certifying companies. But the process of organic certification can be quite expensive for agricultural producers: 1,5– 2 thousand Euros for a farm with the area of arable land up to 1000 hectares [6].
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    5558
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    Nowadays Ukrainian farmers can get their farms certified by one of the 15 foreign certifying companies. But the process of organic certification can be quite expensive for agricultural producers: 1,5– 2 thousand Euros for a farm with the area of arable land up to 1000 hectares
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    [6]
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    . In 2007 within the framework of the Swiss-Ukrainian project «Organic Agriculture Certification and Market Development» the first Ukrainian © N.A. Tsymbalista, 2017 organic certification body LLC «Organic Standard» was founded to make organic certification with reasonable pricing accessible to Ukrainian farmers.
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    6428
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    of Ukraine Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine National Agency of Accreditation of Ukraine 11 1 2 3 8 6 5 7 State Ecological Inspection State Service for Food Safety and Consumer Protection of Ukraine 4 Compliance assessment bodies 10 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 Producer 1 Producer 2 Producer 3 Producer N 11 *Source: designed by the author according to
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    [8]
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    1 – Directing, coordination, approval of bylaws. 2 – Proposals regarding compliance assessment bodies. 3 – Appointment of compliance assessment bodies. 4 – Accreditation of compliance assessment bodies. 5 – Supervision and keeping a register of compliance assessment bodies; determination of rules of compliance assessment procedures; training and attestation of auditors. 6 – Development of
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    9235
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    After the conversion period is over the producer can apply for organic certification to the Compliance assessment body, which is placed under the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine. Certified producers are to be listed by the State Service for Food Safety and Consumer Protection in the Register of organic producers. According to the Law
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    [8]
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    the State Service for Food Safety and Consumer Protection also carries out state supervision and control over organic producers to ensure that their activities comply with the accepted organic standards, but till now these powers are not mentioned in the Statute of this State Service.
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    11050
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    It contradicts with the practice and experience of the European countries, where organic operators are constantly monitored and undergo inspections by organic certification bodies every 1.5 years
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    [9, p. 124]
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    . There are three main types of organic control systems in the European countries: private, state and combined (public-private) systems [1, p. 257–258]. The first model is the most popular and it has two levels: on the first level state authorities accredit private entities to certify organic producers and these certification bodies are monitored by the State; on the
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    11196
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    It contradicts with the practice and experience of the European countries, where organic operators are constantly monitored and undergo inspections by organic certification bodies every 1.5 years [9, p. 124]. There are three main types of organic control systems in the European countries: private, state and combined (public-private) systems
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    [1, p. 257–258]
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    . The first model is the most popular and it has two levels: on the first level state authorities accredit private entities to certify organic producers and these certification bodies are monitored by the State; on the second level, accredited certifying bodies carry out certification, annual recertification, monitoring and control over organic oper
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    12854
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    the state supervision over the organic operators is excessive, in particular concerning the land eligibility assessment, which should be performed by the State Ecological inspection. This thesis is based on the fact, that the actual European standards used in Ukraine for the last decades do not require a separate land quality and appropriateness assessment
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    [2, p. 5]
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    . That's why we strongly believe there is no need to complicate the organic certification procedure for Ukrainian farmers. On the other hand, taking into account that the quality characteristics of the final agricultural production depend on the ecological and toxicological indicators of soil contamination, which cannot be addressed as easily as the oth
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    14781
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    In addition besides the threats of unfair competition today the genuine organic agricultural producers are in fact brought out of the legal framework of functioning on the domestic market, because according to the Law
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    [8]
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    they are not allowed to label and sell their production on the organic market until they are listed in the State Register, which hasn’t been created till the present day. Conclusions. Some of the above mentioned problems might be solved with the adoption of the new Draft Law «On the basic principles and requirements for organic production, handling and labeling of
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    15260
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    Some of the above mentioned problems might be solved with the adoption of the new Draft Law «On the basic principles and requirements for organic production, handling and labeling of organic products», which is now pending under the consideration in the Parliament
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    [7]
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    . For example, the new Draft Law clarifies the terms of conversion period beginning, which is to be determined after the first inspection carried out by an accredited certifying (compliance assessment) body.
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