The 17 reference contexts in paper Oliinyk, Serhiyenko (2018) “Кластерна структуризація як базис для реалізації державної політики циркулярної економіки: регіональний рівень // Cluster structurization as basis for circular economy state policy implementation: regional level” / spz:ztu:ven:127402

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    The cluster structurization is also one of the ways to implement the regulations of the circular economy and, on the one hand, it allows to increase the economic importance of a region, on the other hand, it provides a stable country’s development. The issues of clusters as the instrument for regional development were examined by O.V. Bezyhliy
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    , О.Yu. Bobrovska [3], N.V. Vasylyeva [5], І.А. Chykarenko [12] and others. In spite of the issue actuality and the researches performed, the building of clusters as the way of implementation of regulations for the circular economy in terms of searching the mechanisms of state administration by the present processes has not been studied enough yet and is urgent as
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    structurization is also one of the ways to implement the regulations of the circular economy and, on the one hand, it allows to increase the economic importance of a region, on the other hand, it provides a stable country’s development. The issues of clusters as the instrument for regional development were examined by O.V. Bezyhliy [2], О.Yu. Bobrovska
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    , N.V. Vasylyeva [5], І.А. Chykarenko [12] and others. In spite of the issue actuality and the researches performed, the building of clusters as the way of implementation of regulations for the circular economy in terms of searching the mechanisms of state administration by the present processes has not been studied enough yet and is urgent as the necessity to provi
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    is also one of the ways to implement the regulations of the circular economy and, on the one hand, it allows to increase the economic importance of a region, on the other hand, it provides a stable country’s development. The issues of clusters as the instrument for regional development were examined by O.V. Bezyhliy [2], О.Yu. Bobrovska [3], N.V. Vasylyeva
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    , І.А. Chykarenko [12] and others. In spite of the issue actuality and the researches performed, the building of clusters as the way of implementation of regulations for the circular economy in terms of searching the mechanisms of state administration by the present processes has not been studied enough yet and is urgent as the necessity to provide economic and ecol
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    ways to implement the regulations of the circular economy and, on the one hand, it allows to increase the economic importance of a region, on the other hand, it provides a stable country’s development. The issues of clusters as the instrument for regional development were examined by O.V. Bezyhliy [2], О.Yu. Bobrovska [3], N.V. Vasylyeva [5], І.А. Chykarenko
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    and others. In spite of the issue actuality and the researches performed, the building of clusters as the way of implementation of regulations for the circular economy in terms of searching the mechanisms of state administration by the present processes has not been studied enough yet and is urgent as the necessity to provide economic and ecological safety as well
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    interconnection between economic entities that function at a particular territory and in a particular field or branch was described first by the founder of neoclassic economy Alfred Marshal in his work «The principles of Economic Science» in 1890. Chapter ten of this work is called «The Organization of Production. The Concentration of Specialized Productions in Separate Areas»
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    . Alfred Marshal emphasizes on the synergetic effect of concentration of specialized productions on a particular territory in terms of increasing the productivity of firms due to the integration of labour market, specialization of suppliers, transition and increase of knowledge.
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    The author initiated the development of the theory of clusters, because using his works professor of Harvard business school Michael Porter substantiated the theory of clusters that was described in the following works: «Competitive Advantage»
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    (dedicated to the research of industrial clusters), and «On Competition» [14] (dedicated to the research of regional clusters). The essence of clusters is described the most completely by Yu.
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    The author initiated the development of the theory of clusters, because using his works professor of Harvard business school Michael Porter substantiated the theory of clusters that was described in the following works: «Competitive Advantage» [13] (dedicated to the research of industrial clusters), and «On Competition»
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    (dedicated to the research of regional clusters). The essence of clusters is described the most completely by Yu.Коvalyova [8], namely «how localized territorial and production form of integration of interconnected economic entities, bank, private sector, educational institutions, authorities, and adjacent, auxiliary, innovative enterprises/organizations, the objects
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    using his works professor of Harvard business school Michael Porter substantiated the theory of clusters that was described in the following works: «Competitive Advantage» [13] (dedicated to the research of industrial clusters), and «On Competition» [14] (dedicated to the research of regional clusters). The essence of clusters is described the most completely by Yu.Коvalyova
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    , namely «how localized territorial and production form of integration of interconnected economic entities, bank, private sector, educational institutions, authorities, and adjacent, auxiliary, innovative enterprises/organizations, the objects of infrastructure characterized with the production of competitive goods or services, the presence of the agreed developmen
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    On the other hand, the significance of big enterprises in the formation and activity of a cluster should not be underestimated as «the role of a big business in the process of cluster creation is to attract small and middle enterprises for setting up production on the basis of tight cooperation and subcontractual connections under active business and information interaction»
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    , this improves the competitive situation of small economic entities in terms of organized cooperation with big companies in comparison with «individual enterprises» of the same branch or field of activity.
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    Taking into account such a principal peculiarity of cluster structurization as territorial localization, it is reasonable to determine the branch priority in order to realize the regulations of the circular economy as a whole, and to improve the mechanisms of state administration with the present processes, in particular. According to І.H. Honcharenko
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    «The state policy of motivation of development of connections between research institutes and industrial sector by means of simplification of administrative regulation of innovative programs became the important factor in the development of clusters in Austria.
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    At the same time, the work on the consolidation of small and middle enterprises is carried out under the auspices of Austrian business agency and State consulting company that has its branches in all regions of the country. These organizations contribute to the creation of business infrastructure, development of industrial networks, and formation of regional clusters». However, Ye.Karasyuk
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    considers that. «As for the amounts of production the agro-industrial complex of Denmark exceeds all other economic sectors taken together and is a key one concerning consumer’s market and investment potential.
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    To build a cluster in accordance with the circular economy effectively it is necessary to research the region and find out its branch potential. It is not always that a predominated regional branch shows possible potential of the present territory. Michael Porter
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    examined the importance of determination of regional countries’ specialization that influences competitiveness of produce at the world market and its place in world trade. For four years, Michael Porter studied the economy of the countries that took up the first positions in the world, namely, Great Britain, Denmark, Italy, Germany, Korea, Singapore, the USA, Sweden, Switzerlan
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    The present theory is formed by the determination of the factors, which make the competitive environment of the countries; however, it can be applied for the determination of the competitive advantages of the regional environment. According to the model «Porter’s Diamond»
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    , the competitive environment of the country is formed by the following four factors, which are interconnected and can influence upon each other: – the peculiarities of environmental conditions that are divided into basic (land, climate, natural resources, etc.) and improved conditions (infrastructure, the level of education, the level of corruption, etc.); – the condition of consumers’ d
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    chain of supply and provide positive influence on quality and cost price; – internal competition, its condition and character in the domestic market that influences upon the possibilities of functioning a separate branch. The above mentioned factors together enable to create the cluster of economic entities that will have, according to Michael Porter’s opinion
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    «unique and powerful competitive advantages in the global market». The regional environmental analysis is a necessary condition for the successful implementation of regulations of circular economy by a cluster way and a state policy in this branch.
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    There are paths where countries move like planets and leave the paths difficult enough. The mistakes made in the economic development in the past, reproduce further and affect on everything»
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    . The facts mentioned above confirm the necessity of determining the directions of economic activity for a country as a whole and for its separate regions also. The most suitable methodology of the regional analysis is the SWOT-analysis aimed at determining Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats of a region.
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    circular economy regulations; secondly, to substantiate the necessities and advantages of cluster formation in a particular branch and on a particular territory in the context of implementation of state policy about the circular economy. The SWOT-analysis of Zhytomyr region was conducted taking into account the data included in the Strategy of Zhytomyr region development before 2020
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    . Zhytomyr state regional administration which developed and approved the Strategy in 2016, determined a strategic aim which is the steady regional development, the intensification of investments and building up the regional economy also due to the strengthening the cluster structurization.
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    The worsening of investment climate as a result of the armed conflict continuation in the East of Ukraine, inflationary p rocesses and p olitical instability *Not e: the data about the Strategy of Zhytom yr region developm ent before 2020 are used partially
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    52 Strengths and Weaknesses Opportunities and Threats What can be done? What could be done? CIRCULAR ECONOMY IMPLEMENTATION BY CLUSTER STRUCTURIZATION What is going to be done? What do others expect?
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