The 14 references with contexts in paper O. Ruchnova I., O. Pruntova V., D. Lozovoy A. (2018) “Basic principles of planning animal product national veterinary monitoring” / spz:neicon:veterinary:y:2016:i:2:p:14-19

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Barannikov V.D., Kirillov N.K. Ecological safety of agricultural products. – M.: Kolos, 2005. – 352 p.
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    Reports on the Monitoring Plan results for the previous year are sent to the FGBI «Central Scientific and Methodological Veterinary Laboratory» by the 1st of February of the year following the reporting period. The Monitoring Plan can be amended throughout a year due to detected veterinary risks as well as force majeure events
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    . 2. Optimization of test quantity calculation methods for the Monitoring Plan development. Minimum required sample quantity for monitoring tests is calculated using the EU programme published on the web site: http:// ec.europa.eu/food/safety/chemical_safety/pesticide_residues/index_en.htm [13].

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Council Directive 96/23/EC of 29 April 1996. – URL: http:/www.fsvps.ru/fsvps-docs/ru/laws/eu/96-23.pdf.
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    Monitoring of animal product and feed safety in the RF as well as in the European Union countries is planned in accordance with the provisions of Council Directive 96/23/ ЕС of April 29, 1996 on measures to monitor banned and harmful substances and residues thereof in live animals and animal products
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    , and is based on the Concept of National Veterinary Laboratory Monitoring of Banned and Harmful Substances and Residues Thereof in Live Animals, Animal Products and Feeds in the RF for 2008 and onwards, approved by Head of the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance S.

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    : pruntova@arriah.ru 3 Director, Candidate of Sciences (Veterinary Medicine), FGBI «ARRIAH», Vladimir, e-mail: lozovoy@arriah.ru UDC 619:637.07 BASIC PRINCIPLES OF PLANNING ANIMAL PRODUCT NATIONAL VETERINARY MONITORING Parameter groups. Based on the accepted classification and the provisions of Council Directive 96/23/EC the controlled contaminants are divided into several groups
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    . GROUP «A» – Substances having anabolic effect and unauthorized substances (A1) Stilbenes, stilbene derivatives, and their salts and esters (A2) Antithyroid agents (A3) Steroids (A4) Resorcylic acid lactones including zeranol (A5) Beta-agonists (A6) Compounds included in Annex IV to Council Regulation (EEC) No 2377/90 of 26 June 1990 (chloramphenicol, nitrofurans and metabolites t

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Codex Alimentarius. General Standard for Contaminants and Toxins in Food and Feed (CODEX STAN 1931995). – URL:http://dokipedia.ru/document/5197124.
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    the appropriate regulatory acts, there are a lot of factors facilitating the probability of banned and harmful substance presence in controlled objects
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    . Such factors include national peculiarities and traditions, epidemic situation in individual regions and probable use of different drugs and xenobiotics, including those which are banned in the RF. [9].

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    The number of feeds and feed additive tests by each safety parameter is calculated using the Codex Alimentarius Commission Guidelines for the design and implementation of National regulatory food safety assurance programme associated with the use of veterinary drugs in food producing animals CAC/GL 71-2009
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    . In this case to calculate the Monitoring plan one shall have the following data on the previous year: 1. List and volume of all types of feeds subject to monitoring, produced in the Subject of the Russian Federation. 2.

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Codex Alimentarius. Animal food production : transl. from Eng./ FAO/WHO. – M.: Ves Mir, 2007. – 230 p.
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    the appropriate regulatory acts, there are a lot of factors facilitating the probability of banned and harmful substance presence in controlled objects
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    . Such factors include national peculiarities and traditions, epidemic situation in individual regions and probable use of different drugs and xenobiotics, including those which are banned in the RF. [9].

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    INTRODUCTION In the contest of Russia’s accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) the RF reports to the appropriate international organizations on national quality and safety control of domestic food products, primary animal products, and animal and plant products
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    . One of the major elements in the system of food safety national control is the National Veterinary Laboratory Monitoring of Banned and Harmful Substances and Residues Thereof in Live Animals, Animal Products and Feeds in the RF.

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    Calculation methods are based on recommendation of Codex Alimentarius Commission «Principles and Guidelines for the Conduct of Microbiological Risk Assessment» САС/GL-30 (1999) and the EU Directives (Annex II)
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    [4, 8]
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    . Criteria for product monitoring plan calculation by microbiological parameters. Development of annual Monitoring Plans by microbiological parameters envisages assessment of risks of biological contamination.

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Dairy product quality control by fatty acid composition / S.A. Dunin, U.V. Pivovarov, V.A. Zenin, O.V. Vjunovskaya // Product Quality Control. – 2012. – No 5. – P. 18–23.
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    Adulterated products are subject to constant control in the RF within meat inspection and special monitoring programs (phosphates, soy presence and etc.) [6]. Currently special attention is given to testing of food products for preservatives, fish for histamine and milk products for adulteration with plant oils (fatty acid content)
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    . safety parameters. The programme gives proportion per each group of parameters for calculating the test quantity. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 1. General provisions for planning and arranging food safety monitoring activities.

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Microbiological testing of meat, poultry meat and egg products: transl. from еng. / ed. J.K. Mid. – SPb.: Professiya, 2008. – 384 p.
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    Adulterated products are not allowed to be used. Adulterated products are subject to constant control in the RF within meat inspection and special monitoring programs (phosphates, soy presence and etc.)
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    . Currently special attention is given to testing of food products for preservatives, fish for histamine and milk products for adulteration with plant oils (fatty acid content) [5]. safety parameters.

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Rules for bacteriological testing of feeds: approved by the Main Veterinary Department of the Ministry of Agriculture of the USSR on 10.06.1975. – M., 1976. – 12 p.
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    In case of the establishments exporting their products to the Russian Federation Table 2 Programme for calculating minimum required test quantity for Food Monitoring Plan implementation ardous factors, including potential sources of contamination
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    . Feed monitoring tests are performed to ensure safe production, transportation and storage of feeds, as well as safe feeding of all animal species, including of those used in the production of food products intended for human consumption (productive animals) [9].

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Principles and Guidelines for the Conduct of Microbiological Risk Assessment (CAC/GL 30 (1999)). – 15 p.
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    Calculation methods are based on recommendation of Codex Alimentarius Commission «Principles and Guidelines for the Conduct of Microbiological Risk Assessment» САС/GL-30 (1999) and the EU Directives (Annex II)
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    [4, 8]
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    . Criteria for product monitoring plan calculation by microbiological parameters. Development of annual Monitoring Plans by microbiological parameters envisages assessment of risks of biological contamination.

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Food safety in Russia and other leading countries: analytical review / E.L. Aronov, T.P. Nino, T.A. Surkova [et al.]; Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation, Federal Agriculture Agency. – M.: Posinformagrotech, 2005. – 124 p.
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    Such factors include national peculiarities and traditions, epidemic situation in individual regions and probable use of different drugs and xenobiotics, including those which are banned in the RF.
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    [9]
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    . In this context the differentiated approach to testing of the most informative safety parameters in different RF regions is needed as well as the improvement of the method recommended by the EU Commission for the calculation of minimum sample quantity needed for monitoring tests [13].

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    Feed monitoring tests are performed to ensure safe production, transportation and storage of feeds, as well as safe feeding of all animal species, including of those used in the production of food products intended for human consumption (productive animals)
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    [9]
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    . Feed ingredient monitoring includes random checking and testing for banned and harmful substances based on the risk analysis. Feed ingredients must meet standards limiting the levels of pathogens, mycotoxins and pesticides posing a potential threat to animal health and, via the food products, to humans.

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Regulation (EC) No 470/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 – 19 p.
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  1. In-text reference with the coordinate start=2188
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    Monitoring of animal product and feed safety in the RF as well as in the European Union countries is planned in accordance with the provisions of Council Directive 96/23/ ЕС of April 29, 1996 on measures to monitor banned and harmful substances and residues thereof in live animals and animal products
    Exact
    [2, 10]
    Suffix
    , and is based on the Concept of National Veterinary Laboratory Monitoring of Banned and Harmful Substances and Residues Thereof in Live Animals, Animal Products and Feeds in the RF for 2008 and onwards, approved by Head of the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance S.

  2. In-text reference with the coordinate start=4488
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    anabolic effect and unauthorized substances (A1) Stilbenes, stilbene derivatives, and their salts and esters (A2) Antithyroid agents (A3) Steroids (A4) Resorcylic acid lactones including zeranol (A5) Beta-agonists (A6) Compounds included in Annex IV to Council Regulation (EEC) No 2377/90 of 26 June 1990 (chloramphenicol, nitrofurans and metabolites thereof, nitroimidazoles)
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    GROUP «B» – Veterinary drugs and contaminants (B1) Antibacterial substances, including sulphonomides, quinolones (B2) Other veterinary drugs: (a) Anthelmintics (b) Anticoccidials (c) Carbamates and pyrethroids (d) Sedatives (e) Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (f ) Other pharmacologically active substances (B3) Other substances and environmental contaminants (a) Organ

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SanPin 2.3.2.1078-01. The Hygienic Requirements for Foodstuff Safety and Nutritional Value. – M.: Gosstandart Rossiyi, 2002. – 246 p.
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    Dankvert on May 5, 2008 and taking into account national peculiarities and traditions, obligatory control of drugs and xenobiotics as well as transition period and harmonization of the RF legislation with the EU’s one
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    . Notwithstanding the fact that the list of product safety parameters subject to laboratory testing is determined by SUMMARY The paper presents the results of basic parameter selection and optimization of sample quantity calculation method for chemical (banned and harmful substance residues), microbiological and radiological tests carried out annually within the Plan of National V

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TR CU 024/2011. Technical regulation on oil and fat products: approved by the CU Commission on 09.12.2011 No 883 – 37 p.
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  1. In-text reference with the coordinate start=2710
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    Dankvert on May 5, 2008 and taking into account national peculiarities and traditions, obligatory control of drugs and xenobiotics as well as transition period and harmonization of the RF legislation with the EU’s one
    Exact
    [11, 12]
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    . Notwithstanding the fact that the list of product safety parameters subject to laboratory testing is determined by SUMMARY The paper presents the results of basic parameter selection and optimization of sample quantity calculation method for chemical (banned and harmful substance residues), microbiological and radiological tests carried out annually within the Plan of National V

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Pesticide Residues. – URL: http://ec.europa.eu/ food/safety/chemical_safety/pesticide_residues/index_ en.htm.
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    In this context the differentiated approach to testing of the most informative safety parameters in different RF regions is needed as well as the improvement of the method recommended by the EU Commission for the calculation of minimum sample quantity needed for monitoring tests
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    [13]
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    . The target of this study was to determine the basic principles used for the selection of animal product safety parameters (chemical, radiological and microbiological), to optimize the method used for calculation of test number and needed for the development of the Plan of National Veterinary Laboratory Monitoring of Banned and Harmful Substances and Residues Thereof in Live Anima

  2. In-text reference with the coordinate start=8870
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    Methods for calculating minimum required sample quantity. Minimum sample quantity required for monitoring is determined using the EU programme published on website: http://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/chemical_safety/ pesticide_residues/index_en.htm
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    [13]
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    . Entering data on the number of animals and manufactured products this programme automatically calculates minimum required sample/test quantity for each type of tested products and current year: number of farms, number of kept and slaughtered animals for the previous year, (for all productive animal species), number of fish hatcheries and fish harvesting ponds, apiaries, rabbit farms, poultr

  3. In-text reference with the coordinate start=11023
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    Minimum required sample quantity for monitoring tests is calculated using the EU programme published on the web site: http:// ec.europa.eu/food/safety/chemical_safety/pesticide_residues/index_en.htm
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    [13]
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    . On entering data on the number of animals and manufactured products this programme automatically calculates minimum required sample/test quantity for each type of tested products and safety parameters (Table 2).

  4. In-text reference with the coordinate start=11577
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    Calculating quantity of chemical and radiological product tests. Quantity of chemical and radiological tests of biomaterials as well as products of animal origin and feeds is calculated using the EU programme plantemplate.xls
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    [13]
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    , where numeric values of the number of slaughtered animals and manufactured products a year are entered. On entering the required information the programme automatically calculates the minimum sample quantity to be collected for each type of test by Groups «A» and «B». 2.2.

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WHO/FAO. Report of a Joint WHO/FAO Consultation N 61: Biotechnology and food safety. – WHO/FAO, 1996. – 29 p. Table 3 Number of samples required for the detection of at least one nonconformity with 90, 95 and 99% confidence level in products (feed) with known nonconformity Prevalence of nonconformity (% in population, product) Minimal number of samples required for nonconformity detection 90%95%99% 356711 307913 2591117 20111421
Total in-text references: 1
  1. In-text reference with the coordinate start=1647
    Prefix
    INTRODUCTION In the contest of Russia’s accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) the RF reports to the appropriate international organizations on national quality and safety control of domestic food products, primary animal products, and animal and plant products
    Exact
    [4, 14]
    Suffix
    . One of the major elements in the system of food safety national control is the National Veterinary Laboratory Monitoring of Banned and Harmful Substances and Residues Thereof in Live Animals, Animal Products and Feeds in the RF.