The 12 reference contexts in paper I. Savelyeva Yu., И. Савельева Ю. (2016) “Влияние пор и частиц наполнителей в связующем на теплопроводность композита с шаровыми включениями // Influence of pores and filler particles in the binder on the composite thermal conductivity” / spz:neicon:technomag:y:2014:i:2:p:299-308

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    404
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    ¡‡Ûχ̇ ¬‚‰ÂÌË ƒÎˇ ÛÎÛ ̃ ̄ÂÌˡ ÚÂıÌÓÎÓ„Ë ̃ÂÒÍËı ı‡‡ÍÚÂËÒÚËÍ ÔÓÎËÏÂÌÓ„Ó Ò‚ˇÁÛ ̨ ̆Â„Ó Í‡Í ÒÓÒÚ‡‚ÌÓÈ ̃‡ÒÚË ÍÓÏÔÓÁËÚ‡ ËÒÔÓÎ ̧ÁÛ ̨Ú ÏÂÎÍÓ‰ËÒÔÂÒÌ ̊ ̇ÔÓÎÌËÚÂÎË ‚ ‚ˉ ÔÓÓ ͇̄, ̃ ̄ÛÂÍ ËÎË ‚ÓÎÓÍÌËÒÚ ̊ı ̃‡ÒÚˈ
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    [1,2]
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    . ›ÚÓ ‰‡ÂÚ ‚ÓÁÏÓÊÌÓÒÚ ̧ ÔÓÎÛ ̃ËÚ ̧ ̋ÍÁÓÚÂÏË ̃ÂÒÍËÈ ̋ÙÙÂÍÚ ‚ ÔÓˆÂÒÒ ÓÚ‚ÂʉÂÌˡ Ò‚ˇÁÛ ̨ ̆„Ó, ÛÏÂÌ ̧ ̄ËÚ ̧ Â„Ó ÛÒ‡‰ÍÛ Ë ÛÎÛ ̃ ̄ËÚ ̧ ÏÂı‡ÌË ̃ÂÒÍËÂ, ÚÂÔÎÓÙËÁË ̃ÂÒÍËÂ, ̋ÎÂÍÚÓχ„ÌËÚÌ ̊Â Ë ‰Û„Ë ̋ÍÒÔÎÛ‡Ú‡ˆËÓÌÌ ̊ ı‡‡ÍÚÂËÒÚËÍË ËÁ„ÓÚ‡‚ÎË‚‡ÂÏÓ„Ó ÍÓÏÔÓÁËÚ‡.
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  2. Start
    1033
    Prefix
    ¬ÓÁÌËÍÌÓ‚ÂÌË ÔÓ Ú‡ÍÊ ҂ˇÁ‡ÌÓ Ò ÛÒ‡‰ÍÓÈ Ò‚ˇÁÛ ̨ ̆Â„Ó ‚ ÔÓˆÂÒÒÂ Â„Ó ÓÚ‚ÂʉÂÌˡ, ‰ÓÒÚË„‡ ̨ ̆ÂÈ ÌÂÒÍÓÎ ̧ÍËı ÔÓˆÂÌÚÓ‚ (‰Îˇ ̋ÔÓÍÒˉÌÓ„Ó Ë ÍÂÏÌËÈ-Ó„‡ÌË ̃ÂÒÍÓ„Ó ‰Ó 4 %, ‰Îˇ ÙÂÌÓÎ ̧ÌÓ„Ó ‰Ó 7 %, ‡ ‰Îˇ ÔÓÎË ̋ÙËÌÓ„Ó ‰‡Ê ‰Ó 15 %
    Exact
    [1]
    Suffix
    ). Œ‰ÌÓÈ ËÁ ı‡‡ÍÚÂËÒÚËÍ ÍÓÏÔÓÁËÚ‡, ÍÓÚÓ‡ˇ ̃Û‚ÒÚ‚ËÚÂÎ ̧̇ Í Ì‡ÎË ̃Ë ̨ ‚ Ò‚ˇÁÛ ̨ ̆ÂÏ ÔÓ Ë ̃‡ÒÚˈ ÏÂÎÍÓ‰ËÒÔÂÒÌÓ„Ó Ì‡ÔÓÎÌËÚÂΡ, ˇ‚ΡÂÚÒˇ ̋ÙÙÂÍÚË‚Ì ̊È ÍÓ ̋ÙÙˈËÂÌÚ ÚÂÔÎÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ÌÓÒÚË. ÓÎË ̃ÂÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ ‚ÎˡÌË ӷ ̇ÂÏÌÓÈ ÍÓ̈ÂÌÚ‡ˆËË ÔÓ Ë Ì‡ÔÓÎÌËÚÂΡ ‚ ÔÓÎËÏÂÌÓÏ Ò‚ˇÁÛ ̨ ̆ÂÏ Ì‡ ̋ÚÓÚ ÍÓ ̋ÙÙˈËÂÌÚ ÏÓÊÌÓ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ËÚ ̧ ÔË ÔÓÏÓ ̆Ë Ï‡ÚÂχÚË ̃ÂÒÍÓÈ ÏÓ‰ÂÎË, ÓÔËÒ ̊‚‡ ̨ ̆ÂÈ ÔÂÂÌÓÒ ÚÂÔÎÓ‚ÓÈ ̋ÌÂ„ËË ‚ ÍÓÏÔÓÁ
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  3. Start
    3038
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    Œ· ̇ÂÏÌÛ ̨ ÍÓ̈ÂÌÚ‡ˆË ̨ ÔÓ ‚ χÚÂˇÎ χÚˈ ̊ Ó·ÓÁ̇ ̃ËÏ ̃ÂÂÁCp, ‡ Ó· ̇ÂÏÌÛ ̨ ÍÓ̈ÂÌÚ‡ˆË ̨n-„Ó ÚËÔ‡ ̇ÔÓÎÌËÚÂΡ | ̃ÂÂÁCn,n=1, N. ‘ÓÏÛ ÔÓ Ë ̃‡ÒÚˈ ̇ÔÓÎÌËÚÂΡ ÔËÏÂÏ ̄‡Ó‚ÓÈ. –‡ÁÏÂ ̊ ̃‡ÒÚˈ ÏÓ„ÛÚ ËÁÏÂÌˇÚ ̧Òˇ ÓÚ ‰ÓÎÂÈ ÏËÍÓÏÂÚ‡ ‰Ó ÌÂÒÍÓÎ ̧ÍËı ‰ÂÒˇÚÍÓ‚ ÏËÍÓÏÂÚÓ‚
    Exact
    [3]
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    . ÃÓÊÌÓ ÓÊˉ‡Ú ̧ ‡Ì‡ÎÓ„Ë ̃ÌÓ„Ó ËÌÚÂ‚‡Î‡ ËÁÏÂÌÂÌˡ ‡ÁÏÂÓ‚ ÔÓ. ƒÎˇ ÏÂÎÍËı ÔÓ ‰ÓÔÛÒÚËÏÓ ÔÂÌ· ̃ ̧ ÔÂÂÌÓÒÓÏ ÚÂÔÎÓ‚ÓÈ ̋ÌÂ„ËË ‚ Ëı ÔÓÎÓÒÚË [4], Ú. Â. ÏÓÊÌÓ Ò ̃ËÚ‡Ú ̧, ̃ÚÓ ÍÓ ̋ÙÙˈËÂÌÚ ÚÂÔÎÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ÌÓÒÚË ÔÓ ‡‚ÂÌ ÌÛÎ ̨.
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  4. Start
    3185
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    –‡ÁÏÂ ̊ ̃‡ÒÚˈ ÏÓ„ÛÚ ËÁÏÂÌˇÚ ̧Òˇ ÓÚ ‰ÓÎÂÈ ÏËÍÓÏÂÚ‡ ‰Ó ÌÂÒÍÓÎ ̧ÍËı ‰ÂÒˇÚÍÓ‚ ÏËÍÓÏÂÚÓ‚ [3]. ÃÓÊÌÓ ÓÊˉ‡Ú ̧ ‡Ì‡ÎÓ„Ë ̃ÌÓ„Ó ËÌÚÂ‚‡Î‡ ËÁÏÂÌÂÌˡ ‡ÁÏÂÓ‚ ÔÓ. ƒÎˇ ÏÂÎÍËı ÔÓ ‰ÓÔÛÒÚËÏÓ ÔÂÌ· ̃ ̧ ÔÂÂÌÓÒÓÏ ÚÂÔÎÓ‚ÓÈ ̋ÌÂ„ËË ‚ Ëı ÔÓÎÓÒÚË
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    [4]
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    , Ú. Â. ÏÓÊÌÓ Ò ̃ËÚ‡Ú ̧, ̃ÚÓ ÍÓ ̋ÙÙˈËÂÌÚ ÚÂÔÎÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ÌÓÒÚË ÔÓ ‡‚ÂÌ ÌÛÎ ̨. —ÙÓÏÛÎËÓ‚‡ÌÌ ̊ ÔÓ ÓÚÌÓ ̄ÂÌË ̨ Í Ï‡ÚÂˇÎÛ Ï‡Úˈ ̊ ‰ÓÔÛ ̆ÂÌˡ ÔÓÁ‚ÓΡ ̨Ú ‰Îˇ ̇ıÓʉÂÌˡ Â„Ó ÍÓ ̋ÙÙˈËÂÌÚ‡ ÚÂÔÎÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ÌÓÒÚËλmËÒÔÓÎ ̧ÁÓ‚‡Ú ̧ χÚÂχÚË ̃ÂÒÍÛ ̨ ÏÓ‰ÂÎ ̧ ÔÂÂÌÓÒ‡ ÚÂÔÎÓ‚ÓÈ ̋ÌÂ„ËË ‚ ÏÌÓ„ÓÙ‡ÁÌÓÏ ÍÓÏÔÓÁËÚ [5].
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    3481
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    —ÙÓÏÛÎËÓ‚‡ÌÌ ̊ ÔÓ ÓÚÌÓ ̄ÂÌË ̨ Í Ï‡ÚÂˇÎÛ Ï‡Úˈ ̊ ‰ÓÔÛ ̆ÂÌˡ ÔÓÁ‚ÓΡ ̨Ú ‰Îˇ ̇ıÓʉÂÌˡ Â„Ó ÍÓ ̋ÙÙˈËÂÌÚ‡ ÚÂÔÎÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ÌÓÒÚËλmËÒÔÓÎ ̧ÁÓ‚‡Ú ̧ χÚÂχÚË ̃ÂÒÍÛ ̨ ÏÓ‰ÂÎ ̧ ÔÂÂÌÓÒ‡ ÚÂÔÎÓ‚ÓÈ ̋ÌÂ„ËË ‚ ÏÌÓ„ÓÙ‡ÁÌÓÏ ÍÓÏÔÓÁËÚÂ
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    [5]
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    . »Á ̋ÚÓÈ ÏÓ‰ÂÎË ÒΉÛÂÚ, ̃ÚÓ ̃λm=λm λÒ = 1−2D 1 +D ,(1) „‰ÂλÒ| ÍÓ ̋ÙÙˈËÂÌÚ ÚÂÔÎÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ÌÓÒÚË Ò‚ˇÁÛ ̨ ̆„Ó, D= Cp 2 + ∑N n=1 Cn 1−λn/λÒ 2 +λn/λÒ ,(2) λn| ÍÓ ̋ÙÙˈËÂÌÚ ÚÂÔÎÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ÌÓÒÚË ̃‡ÒÚˈ ̇ÔÓÎÌËÚÂΡn-„Ó ÚËÔ‡.
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  6. Start
    3909
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    –‡ÒÔÓ·„‡ˇ Á̇ ̃ÂÌËÂÏλm, ‰Îˇ ÓˆÂÌÍË ̋ÙÙÂÍÚË‚ÌÓ„Ó ÍÓ ̋ÙÙˈËÂÌÚ ÚÂÔÎÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ÌÓÒÚËλ ÍÓÏÔÓÁËÚ‡ ‚ ˆÂÎÓÏ ÏÓÊÌÓ ÔËÏÂÌËÚ ̧ χÚÂχÚË ̃ÂÒÍÛ ̨ ÏÓ‰ÂÎ ̧ ÔÂÂÌÓÒ‡ ÚÂÔÎÓ‚ÓÈ ̋ÌÂ„ËË ‚ ÍÓÏÔÓÁËÚÂ Ò Ó‰ÌÓÓ‰ÌÓÈ Ï‡ÚˈÂÈ Ë ̄‡Ó‚ ̊ÏË ‚ÍÎ ̨ ̃ÂÌˡÏË
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    [6]
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    , ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚Û ̨ ̆ÂÏ Û͇Á‡ÌÌÓÈ ‚ ̊ ̄ ÒÚÛÍÚÛÌÓÈ ÏÓ‰ÂÎË. “Ó„‰‡ ÔÓÎÛ ̃ËÏ ̃λ=λ λÒ = ̃λm 1−2bCV 1 +bCV ,(3) „‰Â b= ̄λm− ̄λ+ ̄λm+ 2 ̄λ 2 ( R0 R1 )3 2 ̄λm+ ̄λ+ ( ̄λm− ̄λ) ( R0 R1 )3, ̄λ= λ0 λÒ λ0| ÍÓ ̋ÙÙˈËÂÌÚ ÚÂÔÎÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ÌÓÒÚË Ï‡ÚÂˇ· ̄‡Ó‚ ̊ı ‚ÍÎ ̨ ̃ÂÌËÈ.
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  7. Start
    4515
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    ¬ ÒÎÛ ̃‡Â ‚ÍÎ ̨ ̃ÂÌËÈ ‚ ‚ˉ ÒÔÎÓ ̄ÌÓ„Ó ̄‡‡ R0 R1 = 0Ëb=b0= ̄λm− ̄λ 2 ̄λm+ ̄λ . 2. ƒ‚ÛÒÚÓÓÌÌË ӈÂÌÍË ƒÎˇ ÔÓÎÛ ̃ÂÌˡ ‰‚ÛÒÚÓÓÌÌËı ÓˆÂÌÓÍ ̋ÙÙÂÍÚË‚ÌÓ„Ó ÍÓ ̋ÙÙˈËÂÌÚ‡ ÚÂÔÎÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ÌÓÒÚË ‡ÒÒχÚË‚‡ÂÏÓ„Ó ÍÓÏÔÓÁËÚ‡ ËÒÔÓÎ ̧ÁÛÂÏ ‰‚ÓÈÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÛ ̨ ‚‡ˇˆËÓÌÌÛ ̨ ÙÓÏÛÎËÓ‚ÍÛ Á‡‰‡ ̃Ë ÒÚ‡ˆËÓ̇ÌÓÈ ÚÂÔÎÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ÌÓÒÚË ‚ ÌÂÓ‰ÌÓÓ‰ÌÓÏ Ú‚Â‰ÓÏ ÚÂÎÂ
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    [7,8]
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    . Œ·Î‡ÒÚ ̧V, ÒÓ‰Âʇ ̆Û ̨ Ô‰ÒÚ‡‚ËÚÂÎ ̧Ì ̊È ̋ÎÂÏÂÌÚ ‚ ‚ˉ ÔÓÎÓ‚ËÌ ̊ ÒÓÒÚ‡‚ÌÓÈ ̃‡ÒÚˈ ̊ ‡‰ËÛÒÓÏR, ‚ ̊·ÂÂÏ ‚ ‚ˉ ÔˇÏÓ„Ó ˆËÎË̉‡ ‚ ̊ÒÓÚÓÈH-RÒ ‰ÓÒÚ‡ÚÓ ̃ÌÓ ·ÓÎ ̧ ̄ÓÈ ÔÎÓ ̆‡‰ ̧ ̨S0 Ô‡‡ÎÎÂÎ ̧Ì ̊ı ÓÒÌÓ‚‡ÌËÈ (ËÒ.1).
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    5403
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    Ó·‡ÁÓÏ, ‚ ÌÂÓ‰ÌÓÓ‰ÌÓÈ ˆËÎË̉Ë ̃ÂÒÍÓÈ Ó·Î‡ÒÚË Ó· ̇ÂÏÓÏV0=HS0, Ó„‡ÌË ̃ÂÌÌÓÈ ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚ ̧ ̨S, ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎÂÌË ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ ̊T(M)Ë ÍÓ ̋ÙÙˈËÂÌÚ ÚÂÔÎÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ÌÓÒÚËΛ(M)ˇ‚Ρ ̨ÚÒˇ ÙÛÌÍˆËˇÏË ÍÓÓ‰ËÌ‡Ú ÚÓ ̃ÍËM∈V, ÔË ̃ÂÏ ÙÛÌÍˆËˇΛ(M)ÍÛÒÓ ̃ÌÓÔÓÒÚÓˇÌ̇ˇ Ë ÔËÌËχÂÚ Á̇ ̃ÂÌˡλ0ÔË R0≤r≤R1,λmÔËR1≤r≤RËλÔËr≥R. –ËÒ. 1.ÃÓ‰ÂÎ ̧ ÒÚÛÍÚÛ ̊ ÍÓÏÔÓÁËÚ‡ ÔË ÔÓÒÚÓÂÌËË ‰‚ÛÒÚÓÓÌÌËı ÓˆÂÌÓÍ ƒÎˇ ÏËÌËÏËÁËÛÂÏÓ„Ó ÙÛÌ͈ËÓ̇·
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    [7]
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    J[T] = 1 2 ∫ V Λ(M) ( ∇T(M) )2 dV(M), M∈V,(4) „‰Â∇| ‰ËÙÙÂÂ̈ˇΠ̧Ì ̊È ÓÔÂ‡ÚÓ √‡ÏËÎ ̧ÚÓ̇, ÔËÏÂÏ ‚ ͇ ̃ÂÒÚ‚Â ‰ÓÔÛÒÚËÏÓ„Ó ÎËÌÂÈÌÓ ÔÓ ‚ ̊ÒÓÚ ˆËÎË̉‡ ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎÂÌˡ ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ ̊ Ò ÔÓÒÚÓˇÌÌÓÈ ÒÓÒÚ‡‚Ρ ̨ ̆ÂÈ „‡‰ËÂÌÚ‡ G=T∗/H.
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    5938
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    “Ó„‰‡ ËÁ ÙÓÏÛÎ ̊ (4) ÔÓÎÛ ̃ËÏ J1[T] =λ G2 2 HS0− 2πR3 3 λ G2 2 + 2π R3−R31 3 λ∗ G2 2 + 2π R31−R30 3 λ0 G2 2 ,(5) „‰Â Ò Û ̃ÂÚÓÏ ÒÓÒÚ‡‚‡ Ò‚ˇÁÛ ̨ ̆Â„Ó λ∗= (1−CN−Cp)λc+ ∑N n=1 Cnλn, CN= ∑N n=1 Cn. ¬ ͇ ̃ÂÒÚ‚Â ‰ÓÔÛÒÚËÏÓ„Ó ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎÂÌˡ ‚ÂÍÚÓ‡ ÔÎÓÚÌÓÒÚË ÚÂÔÎÓ‚Ó„Ó ÔÓÚÓ͇q‰Îˇ χÍÒËÏËÁËÛÂÏÓ„Ó ÙÛÌ͈ËÓ̇·
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    [8]
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    I[q] =− 1 2 ∫ V (q(M))2 Λ(M) dV(M)− ∫ S T(P)q(P)·n(P)dS(P), P∈S,(6) „‰Ân| ‰ËÌË ̃Ì ̊È ‚ÂÍÚÓ ‚Ì ̄ÌÂÈ ÌÓχÎË Í ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚËS, ÔËÏÂÏ ÔÓÒÚÓˇÌÌÓ Á̇ ̃ÂÌË q=−λG‰ËÌÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÈ ÒÓÒÚ‡‚Ρ ̨ ̆ÂÈ ‚ÂÍÚÓ‡q, ÔÂÔẨËÍÛΡÌÓÈ ÓÒÌÓ‚‡ÌËˇÏ ˆËÎË̉‡. ¬ ̋ÚÓÏ ÒÎÛ ̃‡Â ÙÓÏÛ· (6) ÔËÏÂÚ ‚ˉ I1[q] =− (λG)2 2 ( HS0−2πR3/3 λ + 2π R3−R31 3 ρ∗+ 2π R31−R30 3λ0 ) +λG2HS0,(7) „‰Â, Û ̃ËÚ ̊‚‡ˇ ÒÓÒÚ‡‚ Ò‚ˇÁÛ ̨ ̆„Ó, ρ∗= 1−C
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  10. Start
    7061
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    “Ó„‰‡ ÔË(R1/R)3=CVÒ Û ̃ÂÚÓÏ ÙÓÏÛÎ ̊ (5) ËÁ ÛÒÎӂˡJ1[T]≥J0ÔÓÎÛ ̃ËÏ ‚ÂıÌ ̨ ̨ ÓˆÂÌÍÛ ̃λ+= (1−CV)λ∗ λÒ + ̄λCV ( 1− R30 R31 ) ≥ ̃λ, ‡ ÔË ËÒÔÓÎ ̧ÁÓ‚‡ÌËË ÙÓÏÛÎ ̊ (7) ËÁ ÛÒÎӂˡI1[q]≤J0̇ȉÂÏ ÌËÊÌ ̨ ̨ ÓˆÂÌÍÛ ̃λ−=1 (1−CV)ρ∗λÒ+ (CV/ ̄λ)(1−R30/R31) ≤ ̃λ. ƒ‚ÛÒÚÓÓÌÌË ӈÂÌÍË ÏÓÊÌÓ Ò·ÎËÁËÚ ̧, ÂÒÎË ËÒÔÓÎ ̧ÁÓ‚‡Ú ̧ ÍÓÂΡˆËÓÌÌÓ ÔË·ÎËÊÂÌË ÚÂÓËË ÒÎÛ ̃‡ÈÌ ̊ı ÙÛÌ͈ËÈ
    Exact
    [9]
    Suffix
    . “Ó„‰‡ ‚ÂıÌˇˇ ÓˆÂÌ͇ ‰Îˇ ̃λÔËÌËχÂÚ ‚ˉ λ ̃∗= ( 1−CV 1 + 2 ̄λ∗ (1−CN−Cp) + 1−CV 2 ̄λ∗ Cp+ CV λ ̄+ 2 ̄λ∗+ (1−CV) ∑N n=1 Cn λ ̄n+ 2 ̄λ∗ )−1 −2 ̄λ∗, ‡ ÌËÊÌˇˇ ÓˆÂÌ͇ | λ ̃∗= ( 1−CV 1 + 2 ̄λ∗ (1−CN−Cp) + 1−CV 2 ̄λ∗ Cp+ CV λ ̄+ 2 ̄λ∗+ (1−CV) ∑N n=1 Cn λ ̄n+ 2 ̄λ∗ )−1 −2 ̄λ∗, „‰Â ̄λ∗Ë ̄λ∗| ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ Ì‡Ë·ÓÎ ̧ ̄ÂÂ Ë Ì‡ËÏÂÌ ̧ ̄ Á̇ ̃ÂÌˡ ÒÂ‰Ë ‚ÒÂı ̄λn(n=1, N), ̄λË Â‰ËÌˈ ̊. 3.
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  11. Start
    8024
    Prefix
    Ó ̋ÙÙˈËÂÌÚ ÚÂÔÎÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ÌÓÒÚËλÒ‡ÁÎË ̃Ì ̊ı ÔÓÎËÏÂÌ ̊ı Ò‚ˇÁÛ ̨ ̆Ëı ÔËÌËχÂÚ Á̇ ̃ÂÌˡ ‚ ÔÓÏÂÊÛÚÍÂ0,17. . .0,92 ¬Ú Ï· , ‡ ËÁ ÔËÏÂÌˇÂÏ ̊ı ÏÂÎÍÓ‰ËÒÔÂÒÌ ̊ı ̇ÔÓÎÌËÚÂÎÂÈ Ì‡Ë·ÓÎ ̧ ̄ËÈ ÍÓ ̋ÙÙˈËÂÌÚ ÚÂÔÎÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ÌÓÒÚË34,2 ¬Ú Ï· ËÏÂÂÚ ÓÍÒˉ χ„Ìˡ MgO, ‡ ̇ËÏÂÌ ̧ ̄ËÈ1,7 ¬Ú Ï· | ÓÍÒˉ ÍÂÏÌˡ SiO2
    Exact
    [1]
    Suffix
    . Õ‡ ËÒ.2ÔÓÒÚÓÂÌ ̊ „‡ÙËÍË Á‡‚ËÒËÏÓÒÚÂÈ ̃λ, ̃λ+, ̃λ−(ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ ÒÔÎÓ ̄ÌÓÈ ÍË‚ÓÈ, ̄ÚËıÔÛÌÍÚËÌÓÈ Ë ̄ÚËıÓ‚ÓÈ ÎËÌˡÏË) Ë ̃λ∗, ̃λ∗(ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ ÚÓÌÍÓÈ ÒÔÎÓ ̄ÌÓÈ ÍË‚ÓÈ Ò ̃ÂÌ ̊ÏË ÍÛÊ͇ÏË Ë ÔÛÌÍÚËÌÓÈ ÎËÌËÂÈ) ÓÚCVÔËλÒ= 0,5 ¬Ú Ï· ,Cp= 0,04,N= 1, C1= 0,2,λ1= 34,2 ¬Ú Ï· Ë ‡ÁÎË ̃Ì ̊ı Á̇ ̃ÂÌˡı ̄λ >1. ¬ ̋ÚÓÏ ÒÎÛ ̃‡ÂCN=C1, ̃λm= 1,222, λ∗= 0,720 ¬Ú Ï· Ëρ∗= 1,38 Ï· ¬Ú .
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  12. Start
    9719
    Prefix
    . 3.√‡ÙËÍË Á‡‚ËÒËÏÓÒÚÂÈ ̃λ, ̃λ+, ̃λ−(ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ ÒÔÎÓ ̄ÌÓÈ ÍË‚ÓÈ, ̄ÚËıÔÛÌÍÚËÌÓÈ Ë ̄ÚËıÓ‚ÓÈ ÎËÌˡÏË) Ë ̃λ∗, ̃λ∗(ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ ÚÓÌÍÓÈ ÒÔÎÓ ̄ÌÓÈ ÍË‚ÓÈ Ò ̃ÂÌ ̊ÏË ÍÛÊ͇ÏË Ë ÔÛÌÍÚËÌÓÈ ÎËÌËÂÈ) ÓÚCVÔËλÒ= 0,5¬Ú/(Ï· ), Cp= 0,04,N= 1,C1= 0,2,λ1= 1,7¬Ú/(Ï· ) Ë ‡ÁÎË ̃Ì ̊ı Á̇ ̃ÂÌˡı ̄λ>1 «‡ÍÎ ̨ ̃ÂÌË — ËÒÔÓÎ ̧ÁÓ‚‡ÌËÂÏ Ï‡ÚÂχÚË ̃ÂÒÍÓÈ ÏÓ‰ÂÎË ÔÂÂÌÓÒ‡ ÚÂÔÎÓ‚ÓÈ ̋ÌÂ„ËË ‚ ÏÌÓ„ÓÙ‡ÁÌÓÏ ÍÓÏÔÓÁËÚÂ
    Exact
    [5]
    Suffix
    ÔÓÎÛ ̃ÂÌ ̊ ‡Ò ̃ÂÚÌ ̊ Á‡‚ËÒËÏÓÒÚË, ÔÓÁ‚ÓΡ ̨ ̆Ë ӈÂÌËÚ ̧ ‚ÎˡÌË ÔÓËÒÚÓÒÚË Ò‚ˇÁÛ ̨ ̆Â„Ó Ë Ì‡ÎË ̃ˡ ‚ ÌÂÏ ÏÂÎÍÓ‰ËÒÔÂÒÌÓ„Ó Ì‡ÔÓÎÌËÚÂΡ ̇ ̋ÙÙÂÍÚË‚Ì ̊È ÍÓ ̋ÙÙˈËÂÌÚ ÚÂÔÎÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ÌÓÒÚË ÍÓÏÔÓÁËÚ‡. œ˂‰ÂÌ ̊ ÂÁÛÎ ̧Ú‡Ú ̊ ÍÓÎË ̃ÂÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ„Ó ‡Ì‡ÎËÁ‡ ̋ÚËı Á‡‚ËÒËÏÓÒÚÂÈ ÔËÏÂÌËÚÂÎ ̧ÌÓ Í ‡Π̧Ì ̊Ï ËÒıÓ‰Ì ̊Ï ‰‡ÌÌ ̊Ï, ı‡‡ÍÚÂÌ ̊Ï ‰Îˇ ÍÓÏÔÓÁËÚÓ‚ Ò ÔÓÎËÏÂÌÓÈ Ï‡ÚˈÂÈ.
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