The 6 reference contexts in paper E. Salenko A., A. Esaulko N., M. Sigida S., O. Podkolzin A., L. Petrova N. (2017) “THE EFFECT OF SETTLEMENT DOSES OF MINERAL FERTILIZERS ON THE DYNAMICS OF PRODUCTIVE MOUSTURE OF LEACHED CHERNOZEM OF STAVROPOL UPLAND” / spz:neicon:stavapk:369

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    Tel.: +7-906-478-09-72 E-mail: drepa-elena@mail.ru T he violation of the hydrological regime under the infl uence of drought is the phenomenon frequent in the Stavropol Territory, and knowledge of the requirements of this crop to the moisture content can signifi cantly reduce the adverse effects of weather conditions on growth and development of plants and yield formation
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    . Water is one of the main factors determining the development of the plant, it is necessary to swell the grain of full ripening [2]. The moisture reserves in the 0-10 cm layer of soil during the fi rst decade after the seeding of about 10 mm, and over the next two in the 0-20 cm layer of more than 20 mm to provide 86 % of the formation of shoots 3-4, the depth of penetration to
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    is the phenomenon frequent in the Stavropol Territory, and knowledge of the requirements of this crop to the moisture content can signifi cantly reduce the adverse effects of weather conditions on growth and development of plants and yield formation [7]. Water is one of the main factors determining the development of the plant, it is necessary to swell the grain of full ripening
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    . The moisture reserves in the 0-10 cm layer of soil during the fi rst decade after the seeding of about 10 mm, and over the next two in the 0-20 cm layer of more than 20 mm to provide 86 % of the formation of shoots 3-4, the depth of penetration to the root system 40-50 cm plant height of 15-25 cm [3].
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    The moisture reserves in the 0-10 cm layer of soil during the fi rst decade after the seeding of about 10 mm, and over the next two in the 0-20 cm layer of more than 20 mm to provide 86 % of the formation of shoots 3-4, the depth of penetration to the root system 40-50 cm plant height of 15-25 cm
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    . The studies were conducted between 2010 and 2014 on the territory of the experimental agricultural station of the Stavropol State Agrarian University. The soil where the studies were conducted is leached chernozem, powerful, heavy-low humus content, characterized by the average security 5,15,4 % organic matter and mobile forms of macronutrients.
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    The soil where the studies were conducted is leached chernozem, powerful, heavy-low humus content, characterized by the average security 5,15,4 % organic matter and mobile forms of macronutrients. The reaction of the soil solution in the arable soil horizon is neutral and pH is between 6,1-6,5
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    . The experiment represented by the following factors: Factor A – planned yield of winter wheat is 4.0, 5.0 and 6.0 t / ha, grade Zustrich. Factor B – methods of calculation of mineral fertilizers.
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    Width – 12 m, 80 m long, 1 plot area – 35 m2, the total S experience – 960 m2. As mineral fertilizers were used: ammophos, ammonium nitrate, and potassium chloride. The fertilizers were applied before planting, at planting and a basic tillage. Predecessor is peas
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    . The calculation of doses of fertilizers on the planned yield of winter wheat 4.0, 5.0 and 6.0 t / ha was conducted by the following methods: according to the traditional method, developed by experts and SNIISKH and agrochemical center «Stavropol», doses of fertilizers were calculated by this formula: R=CYKc, In accordance with the approach developed by V.
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    RN    YY P2O5 Kn P2O5 K /100Ky In addition the version control was included (without fertilizers) and the version with average recommended doses of fertilizer for this soil and climatic zone
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    . Weather conditions during the studies were different, noted the uneven distribution of rainfall during the growing season of crops. The most favorable agrometeorological conditions formed in 2010–2011 and 2012–2013 agricultural years, due to the optimal distribution of heat and rainfall during the growing season of crops, despite the decline in the average annual rainfa
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