The 11 reference contexts in paper J. Daubarienė (2017) “ECOTOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN LITHUANIA: STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES” / spz:neicon:stavapk:344

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    people in 1996 by the World Conservation Union (IUCN) which describes ecotourism as: environmentally responsible travel and visitation to natural areas, in order to enjoy and appreciate nature (and any accompanying cultural features, both past and present) that promote conservation, have a low visitor impact and provide for benefi cially active socio-economic involvement of local peoples
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    (Joshi, 2011).
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    The ecotourism theory suggests that economic development and natural resources conservation are compatible goals. Accordingly, recent defi nitions of ecotourism have centered on conservation, education, ethics, sustainability, impacts and local benefi ts as the main variables.
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    The ecotourism theory suggests that economic development and natural resources conservation are compatible goals. Accordingly, recent defi nitions of ecotourism have centered on conservation, education, ethics, sustainability, impacts and local benefi ts as the main variables.
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    Weaver (2008)
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    underscored that ecotourism is a form of tourism that fosters learning experiences and appreciation of the natural environment, or some components thereof, within its associated cultural context.
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    Ecotourism is now defi ned as «responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment, sustains the well-being of the local people, and involves interpretation and education» (TIES, 2015) Ecotourism has six characteristics
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    (Kiper, 2013)
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    : a) ecotourism involves travel to relatively undisturbed natural areas and/or archeological sites, b) it focuses on learning and the quality of experience, c) it economically benefi ts the local communities, d) ecotourists seek to view rare species, spectacular landscapes and/or the unusual and exotic, e) ecotourists do not deplete resources but even sustain the environment or help u
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    , natural beauties, existence of natural vegetation, existence of wildlife, surface features, geomorphologic structure, local food, festivals and pageants, traditional agricultural structure, local handicrafts, regional dress culture, historical events and people, heritage appeals, architectural variety, traditional music and folk dance, artistic activities and so on.
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    (Kiper, 2013).
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    The growing local and international tourism gives a good opportunity to develop the tourism market in No 1(21)/1 Supplement, 2016 Ecotourism operates for one or more of the ecodevelopment (Source: Barkauskiene, Snieska, 2013) 2.
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    The growing local and international tourism gives a good opportunity to develop the tourism market in No 1(21)/1 Supplement, 2016 Ecotourism operates for one or more of the ecodevelopment (Source:
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    Barkauskiene, Snieska, 2013)
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    2. Local participation is also an important element in the ecotourism development which «aims at promoting the local participation as much as possible, creating opportunities for the host population, the transfer of property to the local community and its administration, creating opportunities for the group projects and local population as regards the
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    the local participation as much as possible, creating opportunities for the host population, the transfer of property to the local community and its administration, creating opportunities for the group projects and local population as regards the control and administration of natural valuable resources, stipulating some alternative local measures»
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    (Stefanica & Vlavian-Gurmeza, 2010).
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    3. Economic opportunities for the local population. This element deals with «the benefi ts of the local economy, creating jobs for the host population, guaranteeing and protecting the local population, including the communities’ ideas in the political decisions, the equitable distribution of the economic benefi ts,
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    economy, creating jobs for the host population, guaranteeing and protecting the local population, including the communities’ ideas in the political decisions, the equitable distribution of the economic benefi ts, recognizing the local efforts/services, using the local materials and working force to keep the money into the local economy»
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    (Stefanica & Vlavian-Gurmeza, 2010).
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    After going through these various aspects of ecotourism which were mentioned above, it is true to say that a development of ecotourism could be an effective way of building a sustainable community development and also could contribute to achieve sustainable development with better conservation of ecosystem and perfect community devel
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    Municipalities which develop tourism and accommodation providers should also take into account environmental considerations. friendly alternatives for the economic use of natural resources compared with mining, hunting, farming and so on
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    (Li, 2006).
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    Ecotourism promotes an enhanced appreciation of natural environments and environmental education by exposing visitors and locals to nature and conservation (Bob et al., 2008).
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    providers should also take into account environmental considerations. friendly alternatives for the economic use of natural resources compared with mining, hunting, farming and so on (Li, 2006). Ecotourism promotes an enhanced appreciation of natural environments and environmental education by exposing visitors and locals to nature and conservation
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    (Bob et al., 2008).
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    Figure 1 presents three main elements which infl uence ecodevelopment: 1. Respect for the ecotourism integrity. Stefanica and Vlavian-Gurmeza (2010) aims at empfasizing «the importance of the environment in supporting tourism, maintaining the level of development at a small scale under the control and under the local management».
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    Ecotourism promotes an enhanced appreciation of natural environments and environmental education by exposing visitors and locals to nature and conservation (Bob et al., 2008). Figure 1 presents three main elements which infl uence ecodevelopment: 1. Respect for the ecotourism integrity.
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    Stefanica and Vlavian-Gurmeza (2010)
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    aims at empfasizing «the importance of the environment in supporting tourism, maintaining the level of development at a small scale under the control and under the local management». Ecotourism Economic opportunities for the local population Local participation Respect for the ecotourism integrity Ecodevelopment Figure 1 – The elements involved in the ecotourism Quarterly Re
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    Ecotourism Economic opportunities for the local population Local participation Respect for the ecotourism integrity Ecodevelopment Figure 1 – The elements involved in the ecotourism Quarterly Research and Practice Journal Table 1 – SWOT analysis of Lithuanian ecotourism (adapted by the author with reference to National Tourism Development Program for 2014–2020 and
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    Barkauskiene, Snieska, 2013).
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    StrengthsWeaknesses • The favorable geographical position • Great natural and cultural potential • The rich historical heritage • Few urban landscape • A variety of ecological products • A well-developed system of national parks • Cultural traditions, customs, celebrations • Wide selection of local food, drinks • Large variety of ecotourism products and strong authentication • Lithuania h
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