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2877
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However, before you turn on a project in
the longterm program of development of the enterprise, you must define its priorities. To solve this problem using formal mathematical methods based on accurate
and adequate description of the problem situations and their analysis is not always
possible
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Additional restrictions imposed by this external environment, which is characterized
by volatility and uncertainty. Therefore, the inclusion of any innovation project in the
program of innovation development of the enterprises of hightech complex (HTC)
must precede the project comparison and selection of the best of them.
2.
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3740
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Functional and operational controlling, should be used, first and foremost, enterprisewide of HTC, and controlling the project – for each investment or innovation
project, implemented by the enterprise
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The system parameters of the vertical controlling involves the use of the following major groups of indicators: financial, technical, economic, innovation; human
resources. Determining potential of the enterprise of HTC, its competitiveness and
future possibilities is using, basically, innovation (the degree of development of innovation infrastructure, the level of innovation of technology and
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4754
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For
the valuation of outcomes and costs can be used baseline, world, forecast and target
prices. At the same time inflation factor should be taken into account, which can be
measured either index of price or the rate of inflation
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Fig. 1. The structure of the controlling system of the enterprise of HTC
* Статья подготовлена при финансовой поддержке РФФИ, проект No 120600052.
Since the same magnitude costs incurred by at the different times are not
equal cost, when evaluating the comparison of the effectiveness of the innovative
project of multitemporal parameters
must be achieved by bringing them to
the prices in t
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7189
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The effectiveness of innovative projects
is determined by their ability to save the
appropriate amount of work, time and
other resources per unit of all the necessary and expected beneficial effects of
products and services
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Forming a program of innovative
development of enterprise of HTC it is
necessary to estimate the predicted effect
of the implementation of its projects. As
predicted effect Эt on tth step (stage) an
innovative project can be considered the
dynamics of its cash flow (budget).
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16861
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Multicriteria evaluation model of priority innovative projects
Application of (7) allows you to
choose the most efficient version of the
innovative project of the enterprise of
HTC. The best option would be the one
for which the index Эоб has a maximum
value
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The most appropriate solutions to the
problem are the models based on the use
of fuzzy logic algorithm by E. Mamdani,
the use of which is explained by the fact
that when using the classical methods
of mathematics optimal solution of this
problem is very difficult to get, because
not always possible to make an acceptable from the point of view accuracy, its
analytical description.
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