1. Nishikawa N., Kanematsu A., Negoro H. et al. PTHrP Is Endogenous Relaxant for Spontaneous Smooth Muscle Contraction in Urinary Bladder of Female Rat. Endocrinology. 2013; 154(6): 2058-2068. DOI: 10.1210/en.2012-2142.
  2. Steers W.D., Broder S.R., Persson K. et al. Mechanical stretch increases secretion of parathyroid hormone-related protein by cultured bladder smooth muscle cells. J Urol. 1998; 160(3 Pt 1): 908-12.
  3. Lee K, Mitsui R, Kajioka S, Naito S, Hashitani H (2016) Role of PTHrP and sensory nerve peptides in regulating the contractility of muscularis mucosae and detrusor smooth muscle in the guinea-pig bladder. The Journal of Urology. 2016; 196(4): 1287-1294. DOI: 10.1016/j.juro.2016.04.082.
  4. Imamura M., Kanematsu A., Yamamoto S. et al. Basic fibroblast growth factor modulates proliferation and collagen expression in urinary bladder smooth muscle cells. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2007; 293(4): F1007-F1017.
  5. Imamura M., Negoro H., Kanematsu A. et al. Basic fibroblast growth factor causes urinary bladder overactivity through gap junction generation in the smooth muscle. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2009; 297(1): F46-54. DOI:10.1152/ajprenal.90207.2008.
  6. Okutsu H., Matsumoto S., Ohtake A. et al. Effect of tamsulosin on bladder blood flow and bladder function in a rat model of bladder over distention/emptying induced bladder overactivity. J Urol. 2011; 186(6): 2470-7.
  7. Adam R.M., Eaton S.H., Estrada C. et al. Mechanical stretch is a highly selective regulator of gene expression in human bladder smooth muscle cells. Physiol. Genomics. 2004; 20(1): 36-44. DOI: 10.1152/physiolgenomics.00181.2004.
  8. Yang R., Amir J., Liu H., Chaqour B. Mechanical strain activates a program of genes functionally involved in paracrine signaling of angiogenesis. Physiol. Genomics. 2008; 36(1): 1-14. DOI: 10.1152 / physiolgenomics.90291.2008.
  9. Griffiths D.J. Assessment of detrusor contraction strength or contractility. / Neurourol. Urodyn. 1991; 10: 1-18. DOI: 10.1002 / nau.1930100102.
  10. Hashitani H., Brading A.F., Suzuki H. Correlation between smooth muscle of the guinea-pig bladder. Br J Pharmacol. 2004; 141(1): 183-93. DOI: 10.1038 / sj.bjp.0705602.
  11. IkedaY., Fry C., Hayashi F., Stolz D. et al. Role of gap junctions in spontaneous activity of the rat bladder. Am J Physiol. Renal Physiol. 2007; 293(4): F1018-25. DOI: 10.1152 / ajprenal.00183.2007.
  12. McCarthy C.J., Zabbarova I.V., Brumovsky P.R. et al. Spontaneous contractions evoke afferent nerve firing in mouse bladders with detrusor overactivity. J Urol. 2009; 181(3): 1459-66. DOI: 10.1016 / j.juro.2008.10.139.
  13. Meng E., Young J.S., Brading A.F. Spontaneous activity of mouse detrusor smooth muscle and the effects of the urothelium. Neurourol. Urodyn. 2008; 27(1): 79-87. DOI: 10.1002 / nau.20456.
  14. Perez-Martinez F.C., Juan Y.S., Lin W.Y. et al. Expression of parathyroid hormone-related protein in the partially obstructed and reversed rabbit bladder. Int. Urol. Nephrol. 2009; 41(3): 505-11. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2490-15-2.
  15. Ozkan B, Demirkesen O, Durak H, Uygun N, Ismailoglu V, Cetinel B: Which factors predict upper urinary tract deterioration in overactive neurogenic bladder dysfunction? Urology, 2005; 66(1): 99-104.
  16. Nishikawa N., Yago R., Yamazaki Y. et al. Expression of parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptide receptor 1 in normal and diseased bladder detrusor muscles: a clinico-pathological study. BMC Urol. 2015; 15(1): 2.Published online. 2015 Jan 21. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2490-15-2.
  17. Smith P.P., Birder L.A., Abrams P. et al. Detrusor underactivity and the underactive bladder: Symptoms, function, cause-what do we mean? ICI-RS thinktank. 2014. Neurourol. Urodyn. 2016; 35(2): 312-7. DOI: 10.1002 / nau.22807.
  18. Ahmed A., Farhan B., Vernez S., Ghoniem G.M. The challenges in the diagnosis of detrusor underactivity in clinical practice: A mini-review. Arab Journal of Urology. 2016; 14: 223-227. DOI: 10.1016 / j.aju.2016.06.005.
  19. Osman N.I., Chapple C.R., Abrams P., et al. Detrusor underactivity and the underactive bladder: a new clinical entity? A review of current terminology, definitions, epidemiology, aetiology, and diagnosis. Eur Urol. 2014; 65: 389-98. DOI: 10.1016 / j.eururo.2013.10.015.
  20. Koeveringe G.A., Vahabi B, Andersson KE et al. Detrusor underactivity: a plea for new approaches to a common bladder dysfunction. Neurourol. Urodyn. 2011; 30: 723-8. DOI: 10.1002 / nau.21097.
  21. Koeveringe GA, Rademakers KL, Birder LA, et al. Detrusor underactivity: pathophysiological considerations, models and proposals for future research. ICI-RS 2013. Neurourol. Urodyn. 2014; 33: 591-6. DOI: 10.1002 / nau.22590.
  22. Abrams P., Cardozo L., Fall M., et al. The standardisation of terminology of lower urinary tract function: report from the Standardisation Sub-committee of the International Continence Society. Neurourol. Urodyn. 2002; 21: 167-78. DOI: 10.1002 / nau.10052.
  23. Abrams P. Bladder outlet obstruction index, bladder contractility index and bladder voiding efficiency: three simple indices to define bladder voiding function. BJU Int. 1999; 84: 14-5. DOI: 10.1046 / j.1464-410x.1999.00121.x.
  24. Hoag N., Gani J. Underactive Bladder: Clinical Features, Urodynamic Parameters, and Treatment. International Neurourology Journal. 2015; 19(3): 185-189. DOI: 10.5213 / inj.2015.19.3.185.
  25. Chang Y.H., Siu J.J., Hsiao P.J., Chang C.H., Chou E.C. Review of underactive bladder. J Formos Med Assoc. 2018; 117(3): 178-184. DOI: 10.1016 / j.jfma.2017.09.006.
  26. Uren A.D., Cotterill N., Harding C. et al. Qualitative Exploration of the Patient Experience of Underactive Bladder. Eur Urol. 2017; 72(3): 402-407. DOI: 10.1016 / j.eururo.2017.03.045.
  27. Chapple C.R., Osman N.I., Birder L. et al. The Underactive Bladder: A New Clinical Concept? Eur Urol. 2015; 68: 351-353. DOI: 10.1016 / j.eururo.2015.02.030.
  28. Chapple C.R., Osman N.I. Crystallizing the Definition of Underactive Bladder Syndrome, a Common but Under-recognized Clinical Entity. Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms. 2015; 7: 71-76. DOI: 10.1111 / luts.12101.
  29. Chung E. Underactive bladder and detrusor underactivity: a review of pathophysiology and management strategies for this poorly understood bladder syndrome. Curr Bladder Dysfunct Rep. 2014; 9: 250-253. DOI: 10.1007 / s11884-014-0248-5.
  30. Taylor J.A., Kuchel G.A. Detrusor underactivity: clinical features and pathogenesis of an underdiagnosed geriatric condition. J Am Geriatr. Soc. 2006; 54: 1920-1932. DOI: 10.1111 / j.1532-5415.2006.00917.x.
  31. Andersson K.E., Nomiya M. Chronic pelvic ischemia: contribution to the pathogenesis of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) – A new target for pharmacological treatment? LUTS. 2015; 7: 1-8. DOI: 10.1111 / luts.12084.
  32. Chancellor M.B., Diokno A., CURE-UAB: hedding light on the underactive bladder syndrome. IntUrolNephrol. 2014; 46(Suppl 1): S1. DOI: 10.1007 / s11255-014-0789-8.
  33. Yoshida M, Yamaguchi O. Detrusor underactivity: the current concept of the pathophysiology. LUTS. 2014; 6: 131-7. DOI: 10.1111 / luts.12070. Поступила / Received 22.01.2018 Принята в печать / Accepted 15.03.2018 spontaneous electrical, calcium an