The 1 reference context in paper Paul Sommers, Christopher E. Fanning, Kyle H. Pilkington, Tyler A. Conrad (2002) “"March Madness: The Racket in Regional Brackets"” / RePEc:mdl:mdlpap:0228

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    for the second (i.e., if any of the top four seeds advance), four for the regional semifinal (i.e., if either of the top two seeds advance), and eight for the regional final (i.e., if and only if the No. 1 seed wins the regional final). The total number of possible points is 32. Tournament results from 1985 (the first year for the present 64-team field) through 2000 are from The New York Times
    . Point totals for each region are reported in Table 1. (Table 1 about here) A series of paired t-tests comparing the average point difference between one region and another revealed two statistically significant results: (i) West (mean point total = 20.88) and South (15.50), p = .004 and (ii) East (20.44) and South, p = .026.
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